Food security depends on "climate-smart" agriculture
May 16, 2011
As the U.S. recently celebrated Earth Day, countries around the world were feeling the effects of climate change on such factors as temperature, precipitation, crop disease and pests, according to AllAfrica.com.
Countries, especially developing ones, must embrace "climate-smart" agriculture in order to ensure food security in the future.
"The needs of agriculture have to be encouraged in the international climate regime. And poor, developing countries have to be involved," said Deborah Murphy of the International Institute for Sustainable Development.
Investment is also a crucial part of the developing climate-smart agriculture. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), climate-smart practices affect rice production, fishing and aquaculture, livestock production as well as diversified food-energy systems, among other sectors.
"Climate-smart agricultural concepts like conservation agriculture, which are knowledge-intensive and not blueprint-ready to copy technologies [as the green revolution was], require active farmer participation and organization," said FAO Senior Office Theodor Friedrich.